Native Grapes in Mississippi and Louisiana

No, this is not an in-depth coverage of the native grapes that exist in Mississippi and Louisiana. It is more a plea for help in identifying grapes and marveling at the diversity. The photo below shows three grape clusters from three different vines at two different locations. The longer, loose cluster was found in Covington, LA whereas the shorter two are both from Poplarville, MS.

Native Grape Clusters from MS and LA.

Native Grape Clusters from MS and LA.

The larger cluster is loose, which is a good trait to have in order to reduce disease.  It also has red flesh and would help with deeper color for wine (teinturier).  The small cluster in the middle had the best flavor of the three.  In fact the other two had little flavor to speak of, but the middle cluster had a nice burst of fruitiness that made it stand out.  It is small and tight clustered though.  The bottom cluster has a decent size and is fairly loose.  The vine it came from was extremely productive with hundreds of these clusters all over it (well the vine is huge and goes across many trees).  I should have taken photos of the leaves, but did not.  I plan to save some of the seeds and might grow some out just to take a look.  If anyone out there has experience in IDing native grapes, please give me a suggestion to go on.  Below are the search results for Vitis species within MS and LA from plants.usda.gov

State Search for Genus = vitis
State and Province Distribution = U.S. States (Louisiana, Mississippi)

61 records returned

Click on an accepted name below to view its PLANTS Profile with all synonyms, distribution map, more information, and web links if available. Synonyms are indented beneath accepted counterparts.

Symbol Scientific Name Common Name
PAQU2 Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch. Virginia creeper
AMHEM Ampelopsis hederacea (Ehrh.) DC. var. murorum Focke
AMLA7 Ampelopsis latifolia Tausch
AMQU3 Ampelopsis quinquefolia (L.) Michx.
HEQU3 Hedera quinquefolia L.
PAHI9 Parthenocissus hirsuta (Pursh) Graebn.
PAIN10 Parthenocissus inserta (Kern.) Fritsch
PAQUH Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch. var. hirsuta (Pursh) Planch.
PAQUM Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch. var. murorum (Focke) Rehder
PAQUS Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch. var. saintpaulii (Koehne ex Graebn.) Rehder
PSQU Psedera quinquefolia (L.) Greene
PSQUM Psedera quinquefolia (L.) Greene var. murorum (Focke) Rehder
VIIN8 Vitis inserta Kern.
VIQU2 Vitis quinquefolia (L.) Lam.
VITIS Vitis L. grape
VIAE Vitis aestivalis Michx. summer grape
VIAEA2 Vitis aestivalis Michx. var. aestivalis summer grape
VILIG Vitis lincecumii Buckley var. glauca Munson
VILIL Vitis lincecumii Buckley var. lactea Small
VIRU8 Vitis rufotomentosa Small
VISI3 Vitis simpsonii Munson 1890, non 1887
VISL3 Vitis ×slavinii Rehder
VISM Vitis smalliana L.H. Bailey
VIAEL Vitis aestivalis Michx. var. lincecumii (Buckley) Munson long grape
VILI Vitis lincecumii Buckley
VICI2 Vitis cinerea (Engelm.) Engelm. ex Millard graybark grape
VICIB Vitis cinerea (Engelm.) Engelm. ex Millard var. baileyana (Munson) Comeaux graybark grape
VIBA Vitis baileyana Munson
VICIC2 Vitis cinerea (Engelm.) Engelm. ex Millard var. cinerea graybark grape
VIAEC Vitis aestivalis Michx. var. canescens Engelm.
VIAEC2 Vitis aestivalis Michx. var. cinerea Engelm.
VICIC Vitis cinerea (Engelm.) Engelm. ex Millard var. canescens (Engelm.) L.H. Bailey
VICIF Vitis cinerea (Engelm.) Engelm. ex Millard var. floridana Munson Florida grape
VIAU4 Vitis austrina Small
VISI4 Vitis simpsonii Munson 1887, non 1890
VISO4 Vitis sola L.H. Bailey
VILA8 Vitis labrusca L. fox grape
VILAS2 Vitis labrusca L. var. subedentata Fernald
VIMU2 Vitis mustangensis Buckley mustang grape
VICA12 Vitis candicans Engelm. ex A. Gray
VICAD2 Vitis candicans Engelm. ex A. Gray var. diversa L.H. Bailey
VIMUD Vitis mustangensis Buckley var. diversa (L.H. Bailey) Shinners
VIPA7 Vitis palmata Vahl catbird grape
VIRU6 Vitis rubra Michx.
VIRI Vitis riparia Michx. riverbank grape
VIRIP Vitis riparia Michx. var. praecox Engelm. ex L.H. Bailey
VIRIS Vitis riparia Michx. var. syrticola (Fernald & Wiegand) Fernald
VIVUR Vitis vulpina L. ssp. riparia (Michx.) R.T. Clausen
VIVUP Vitis vulpina L. var. praecox (Engelm. ex L.H. Bailey) L.H. Bailey
VIVUS Vitis vulpina L. var. syrticola Fernald & Wiegand
VIRO3 Vitis rotundifolia Michx. muscadine
MURO Muscadinia rotundifolia (Michx.) Small
VIROR Vitis rotundifolia Michx. var. rotundifolia muscadine
MUROR Muscadinia rotundifolia (Michx.) Small var. rotundifolia
VIRU2 Vitis rupestris Scheele sand grape
VIRUD Vitis rupestris Scheele var. dissecta Eggert ex L.H. Bailey
VIVU Vitis vulpina L. frost grape
VICO3 Vitis cordifolia Michx.
VICOF Vitis cordifolia Michx. var. foetida Engelm.
VICOS Vitis cordifolia Michx. var. sempervirens Munson
VIIL Vitis illex L.H. Bailey

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3 responses

  1. It’s hard to tell without seeing the leaves. Most of the vines I’ve seen in my area are either cinerea or natural cinerea/aestavalis crosses. I have selected two plants that I am cultivating that closely resemble pure aestavalis, but I haven’t located the parent vine yet. They should produce next year, if at all. Leaf pictures would help with identification.

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