I only write this as a public service message. Don’t get me wrong, I am not necessarily blaming big box stores for their inventory. I don’t know how some of the varieties are chosen and how they are labeled, but the consumer must be wary when shopping at these locations. This past weekend I visited a big box store for a few items I needed. I didn’t need any fruit plants, but I decided to take a look at what was available. Needless to say, I was dismayed at the selection. Where do I begin?
Available grape vine varieties: Concord, Flame Seedless, Black Monukka, Mars, Thompson Seedless. Problem: All of these are not resistant to Pierce’s Disease and will die within a couple of years at most. There were no muscadine varieties available at this location in south Mississippi. It boggles the mind. Solution: Do some serious research before buying grapes in the Deep South. Muscadines are the best option. Some bunch grapes do have potential, but are not usually very common in the nursery trade.
Available blueberry varieties: Legacy, O’Neal. Problem: There is no problem with these per se, except that one was mislabeled as a rabbiteye variety (Vaccinium virgatum) and the other a wild blueberry species (Vaccinium darrowii) when they are actually southern highbush (Vaccinium spp.). I did not see any rabbiteye varieties (although I did not look at every plant). Rabbiteye varieties are the best option for a homeowner here. Solution: Southern highbush blueberries are partially self-fertile but will do better with a pollinizer. Rabbiteye varieties require planting two different varieties with overlapping bloom times. None of this information was available on the labeling at the store. Local nurseries will have a better selection.
Available pecan variety: Elliot. Problem: There were two tags on the tree. One said ‘Elliot’ pecan and the other said “ungrafted seedling”, which means it is NOT Elliot, but seedling of Elliot. This is very misleading. Someone thinking they were getting an Elliot may end up disappointed. A seedling of Elliot may or may not have some of the Elliot traits that make it desirable to grow. Pecan trees also need to have two different varieties with overlapping bloom periods in order to produce nuts. In this case there was only one type available. Solution: Local nurseries may not have the best selection. The internet is your friend in this case. Most pecan trees come from AL, GA, or TX, although if you search hard enough you can find some in MS. A homeowner should choose varieties that are resistant to pecan scab. If you don’t and do not plan to control the disease, it is really a waste of your time, money, and effort.
Available bramble variety: Boysenberry. Problem: Boysenberry is a hybrid raspberry x blackberry cross that originates from the west coast of the U.S. and is not especially tolerant of high heat conditions. Coupled with the high humidity and prodigious spring rainfall it is a recipe for poor plant production. It was also mislabeled as Rubus ursinus. Solution: Many blackberry varieties are available that will grow and produce in the Deep South. Raspberries fair less well because they too do not tolerate the heat as well as blackberries. I have seen blackberry varieties available at local nurseries recently, namely Kiowa, Apache, and Brazos (!). These are far better options than Boysenberry in our area, although the thorny types will have problems with rosette (double blossom) fungus.
There were probably other fruiting plants that I didn’t look at too closely at to see if there were problems with them as well. The real lesson here is this: Know what you are looking for and why. Realize that all blueberries or grapes or pecan are not created equal. Some do well here and some do not. Mislabeling is not a new thing in the nursery trade, but seeing the grievous errors in these examples made me cringe. Before buying at the big box store near you, educate yourself on the crop you wish to purchase, talk to the folks in the garden center, and if you are not satisfied go somewhere else. Contact your local county Extension office for more information on fruit crops for your area. Or feel free to contact me. I can help.